Crea sito

Tagverb

the verb “to Have”

to have to have1

The verb “to have” is one of the most important verbs in the English language. It can be used both as a main verb and an auxiliary verb. Today we are going to look at the affirmative form of the “to have” as a main verb in the present simple.

The verb “to have” expresses possession of objects, characteristics and relationships. It may also be used to express an action, especially when eating, drinking or consuming something. Look at some examples:
Il verbo “to have” esprime possesso, caratteristiche e relazioni. Può anche essere usato per esprimere azioni, soprattutto quelle legate al bere o consumare qualcosa. Ecco degli esempi:

– I always have a shower before I have breakfast.
Faccio sempre la doccia prima di fare colazione.

– He always has coffee and toast in the morning before work.
Ogni mattina, prima del lavoro, prende un caffè e mangia un toast.

Take a look at this short paragraph about John and Mary’s life to see how “to have” is used:

John and Mary have a big house by the sea. They have a dog named Jack and he has blue eyes and grey fur. Every morning John and Mary have breakfast out on their terrace overlooking the sea. They love having barbecues on the beach. They have great weather all year round so it’s not a problem. They both have good jobs which is why they can afford to have such a luxurious life. John and Mary have everything they need to be happy.
John e Mary hanno una casa grande vicino al mare. Hanno un cane che si chiama Jack che ha gli occhi azzurri e il pelo grigio. Ogni mattina John e Mary fanno colazione nella loro terrazza che dá sul mare. Adorano fare barbecue sulla spiaggia. C’è bel tempo tutto l’anno, per cui non è un problema. Entrambi hanno un buon lavoro, per cui si possono permettere di vivere il lusso. John e Mary hanno tutto ciò di cui hanno bisogno per essere felici.

• Remember that the third person form of “to have” is “has.”

• Remember that “to have” is more common in American English to talk about possession and “have got” is more common in British English.

have got

contracted forms of “to be”

Scan_Pic0023

Today we’re going to look at the contracted forms of the verb “to be” in the present simple. Remember that contractions are very common in informal writing and speech in English.
Oggi daremo un’occhiata insieme alle forme contratte del verbo “to be” al Present Simple. Ricorda che le contrazioni sono molto comuni sia nell’inglese scritto informale che in quello parlato.

Before we continue, here’s a reminder of the verb “to be” in the present simple:

I am

You are

He / She / It is

We are

You (plural) are

They are

To make a contraction with a subject pronoun and the verb “to be”, join the two words and replace the first letter of the conjugated verb “to be” with an apostrophe.
Per effettuare una contrazione con un pronome personale e il verbo “to be”, basta unire le due parole e sostituire la prima lettera della forma coniugata del verbo “to be” con un apostrofo:

I am
I’m
You are
You’re
He / She / It is
He’s / She’s / It’s
We are
We’re
You (plural) are
You’re
They are
They’re

 

Have a look at the following dialogue between Richard (R) and Sandra (S) to see contractions in everyday speech:

S: Hey, Rich! I heard you’re going to Brazil this week!
Ehi Rich! Mi hanno detto che questa settimana vai in Brasile!

R: Yes, I’m leaving on Thursday morning.
Sì, parto giovedì mattina.

S: You’re so lucky. I’m just staying here the whole summer.
Beato te. Io invece starò qui tutta l’estate.

R: That’s unfortunate. Did you hear that John’s coming with me to Brazil? He’s buying his ticket tonight. We’re both really excited.
Che sfortuna! Sai che John viene con me in Brasile? Stasera compra il biglietto. Tutti e due ne siamo davvero entusiasti.

S: Have a great time!
Divertitevi!

To make a negative sentence, just add “not” after the contraction. For example,

Per creare una frase negativa basta aggiungere “not” dopo la contrazione. Ad esempio:
I’m not happy because it’s raining.
Non sono felice perché sta piovendo.

She’s not coming to the party.
Lei non viene alla festa.

They’re not tired today.
Oggi non sono stanchi.

We’re not going to the party because we haven’t been invited.
Non andiamo alla festa perché non siamo stati invitati.

It is also possible to say “you aren’t” instead of “you’re not”, “he / she / it isn’t” instead of “he / she / it’s not”, “we aren’t” instead of “we’re not” and “they aren’t” instead of “they’re not”. For example,

She isn’t coming to the party.

They aren’t tired today.

We aren’t going to the party because we weren’t invited.

© 2020 estri & maestri

Theme by Anders NorénUp ↑