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how to improve your memory

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Today I want to talk about an important aspect of learning a new language: memorizing vocabulary. It can be boring and not much fun, but sooner or later a little bit of memorizing can really help.
Oggi ti voglio parlare di un aspetto importante da considerare quando si studia una nuova lingua: la memorizzazione del vocabolario. Può essere noioso, ma prima o poi è necessario in quanto rappresenta un grande aiuto.

So I want to share 5 tips on improving your memory:

1. Sleep! – When you’re sleep deprived, your brain doesn’t work properly.
Dormi! Quando non dormi il tempo necesario, il tuo cervello non rende al 100%.

Sleeping is critical to learning and memory because in the deep stages of sleep, the brain does a lot of work related to memory.

2. Laugh – Laughter is the best medicine, right?
Ridi. La risata è la cura migliore, non credi?

Enjoying a joke with a friend, for example, is a great way to boost learning and creativity. The happier you are, the better you think!

3. Don’t worry,… meditate!
Non preoccuparti… medita!

Meditation produces more activity in the left prefrontal cortex of the brain, which is the part that makes you happy. It also creates more connections in the brain. And more connections in the brain mean better mental ability and memory.

4. Eat healthy food!
Mangia sano!

A good diet with lots of fruit and vegetables provides lots of health benefits, including a better memory.

5. Exercise your brain!
Esercita la tua mente!

Memory is like a muscle: the more you use it, the stronger it gets. Activities that use your hands, for example, are fantastic. Try playing an instrument, juggling or playing ping pong.

negative sentences in the Past Simple

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Today we are going to look at how to form negative sentences and questions in the past simple with regular verbs and most irregular verbs. Don’t worry; it’s easy ☺

To form negative sentences in the past simple with regular verbs and most irregular verbs, except the verb “to be” and modal verbs, we just put a subject and then “did not” (or with contraction, “didn’t”) before the base form of the verb, i.e. the infinitive without “to”.

Look at some examples:

I didn’t play football last Saturday but I played football two Saturdays ago.
Sabato scorso non ho giocato a calcio, ma due sabati fa sì.

We didn’t go out last night.
Ieri sera non siamo usciti.

They didn’t work yesterday. Their office was closed.
Ieri non hanno lavorato. L’ufficio era chiuso.

To form questions, you need to put the auxiliary verb “did” followed by a subject and then the base form. For example,

Did you read the newspaper this morning?
Hai letto il giornale stamattina?

Did they like the food at the new French restaurant?
A loro è piaciuto il cibo al ristorante francese?

Did you eat pizza for dinner last night?
Ieri sera a cena avete mangiato la pizza?

Did he do his homework yesterday?
Ha fatto i suoi compiti ieri?

Look at a question and an affirmative and negative answer:

Did you watch TV last night?
Hai guardato la tele ieri sera?

Yes, I watched TV last night.
Si, ho visto la tele ieri sera

No, I didn’t watch TV last night.
No, ieri sera non ho guardato la tele.

The short answers to this question would be “Yes, I did” or “No, I didn’t”.

Here’s another example:

Did she go to the beach on Saturday?
Sabato è andata in spiaggia?

Yes, she went to the beach on Saturday. (or the short answer, “Yes, she did”)
Sì, sabato è andata in spiaggia. (O la risposta breve, “Yes, she did”)

No, she didn’t go to the beach on Saturday. (or the short answer, “No, she didn’t”)
No, sabato non è andata in spiaggia. (O la risposta breve, “No, she didn’t”)

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