Tag: adverbs of frequency

Present Simple and Present Continuous

Posted on Gennaio 3, 2016 in english

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We are going to look at two present tenses today known as the present simple or simple present and the present continuous.

They are similar in that they both refer to the present time. However, there are some major differences, so let’s take a look.

We use the present simple

– for regular actions or events (per azioni ed eventi regolari)

• I go to the gym every Monday and Wednesday.
Vado in palestra ogni lunedì e mercoledì.

• I study English four times a week.
Studio inglese quattro volte alla settimana.

– for facts (per dati di fatto)

• The sun rises in the east.
Il sole sorge a est.

• When you heat ice, it melts.
Quando scaldi il ghiaccio, esso si scioglie.

– for schedules (per gli orari)

• The boat leaves at 6 a.m.
La barca parte alle 6 del mattino.

• The theatre opens at eight.
Il teatro apre alle otto.

We use the present continuous…

– to describe actions at (now) or around the time of speaking (per dscrivere azioni che si stanno verificando dove e quando si parla)

• She is studying for her exams right now so she can’t go to the cinema with you.
Ora sta studiando per i suoi esami, per cui non può venire al cinema con te.

• We are looking for a new house as our current one is too small.
Stiamo cercando una casa nuova perché quella di adesso è troppo piccola.

• Jack is learning Japanese because he is moving to Japan next month.
Jack sta imparando il giapponese perché il mese prossimo si trasferirà in Giappone.

– future plans (per progetti futuri)

• I’m taking my wife out to dinner tonight.
Stasera porto mia moglie a cenare fuori.

• We are having a party on Saturday night.
Sabato sera daremo una festa.

Remember that we can use adverbs of frequency with the present simple to express how often we do something. They are normally placed before the verb BUT are placed after the verb “to be”. Here are some adverbs of frequency:

every day/week/month, etc.
once/twice/three times, etc, a week/a month/a year…
always
often
normally
usually
sometimes
rarely
never

Look at some examples:

• I always study hard.
Studio sempre molto.

• She never understands me.
(Lei) Non mi capisce mai.

• They are very happy people and are rarely sad.
Sono delle persone molto felici, sono tristi raramente.

Before the present continuous we may use:

at the moment
today
now
right now
For example,

• She is learning Italian at the moment.
(Lei) Sta imparando l’italiano adesso.

• Today we are eating out with Tom and his girlfriend.
Oggi mangiamo fuori insieme a Tom e alla sua ragazza.

daily routines

Posted on Marzo 20, 2015 in english

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Hello!

I hope your week has gone smoothly.

This week everything has happened as usual for me.

Have a look at my daily routine:

I always start my day with a cup of coffee but I rarely eat breakfast at home. I usually go to work by subway but I sometimes take the bus. I often watch TV in the evening but I hardly ever go to the cinema during the week. I never go to bed before 10 p.m.
Inizio sempre la mia giornata con una tazza di caffè ma raramente faccio colazione a casa. Di solito vado al lavoro in metro ma a volte prendo l’autobus. Spesso di sera guardo la TV, ma non vado quasi mai al cinema durante la settimana. Non vado mai a letto prima delle 10 di sera.

In the text above, adverbs of frequency were used. Adverbs of frequency are used to state how often we do something.

To understand adverbs of frequency better, look at the following chart:

100%
0%
always
usually/
normally
often
sometimes
occasionally/
rarely
hardly ever
never

Note that adverbs of frequency usually go between the subject and the verb. For example:

He never drinks beer.
Non beve mai la birra.

They usually have cereal for breakfast.
Di solito fanno colazione con i cereali.

You always wake up early.
Ti svegli sempre presto.

However, adverbs of frequency go after the verb “to be”. Here are some examples:

She is hardly ever happy.
Non è quasi mai felice.

We are often tired.
Siamo spesso stanchi.


Example:

During the week I usually get up at half past seven, I wash my face and then I have breakfast.
I get to school at a quarter to eight. The bell rings at 8 o’clock and I go into my classroom.
When my classes finish, at half past one, I go home and have lunch with my family.
In the afternoon I watch TV for about an hour, then I do my homework.
Sometimes I surf on internet or chat with my friends on facebook or msn.
I have dinner at eight o’clock in the evening.
Next I watch TV with my parents and finally I go to sleep.
The weekends are quite different, infact I usually sleep until 9:30am and then I go out with my friends.
In winter we usually go to the cinema and then to a restaurant or to a pub.
In spring we go to play beach volley and in the evening we go out for a walk.

Present Simple – Daily routines

Wake Up! Daily Routines Song for Kids

Let’s look at some adverbs of definite frequency (avverbi di frequenza definita), which are common in English. You may know words like “always“, “sometimes” and “usually“. These are called adverbs of indefinite frequency. However, words like “daily“, “weekly“, “monthly” and “yearly” are called adverbs of definite frequency. Do you know when to use them?Let’s look at some common adverbs of definite frequency.every hour – hourly

every day – daily

every week – weekly

every month – monthly

every year – yearly

Adverbs of definite frequency, like all adverbs of definite time, tend to go at the end of a sentence. Look at these examples:

• Most companies pay taxes yearly.
La maggioranza delle imprese pagano le tasse annualmente/ogni anno.

• The cleaner checks the toilets hourly.
L’addetto alle pulizie controlla i servizi igienici ogni ora.

• The directors meet weekly.
I direttori si riuniscono ogni settimana/settimanalmente.

• The employees get paid monthly.
I dipendenti vengono pagati mensilmente/ogni mese.

• I hand in reports daily.
Consegno rapporti giornalmente/ogni giorno.

Remember that every day, for example, is also an adverb, and just like the rest can be used instead of daily or every week instead of weekly.

Sometimes, usually for reasons of emphasis or style, some adverbs of definite frequency may go at the front of the sentence, for example:
A volte, per ragioni di stile o di enfasi, alcuni avverbi di frequenza definita si possono collocare a inizio frase, ad esempio:

Every day she comes to work late!
Arriva tardi al lavoro ogni giorno!

Every week I wake up sad!
Ogni settimana mi sveglio triste!

      By Aurora  

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